Dr Ravita Khurana: It’s safer to get immunized rather than get partial immunity by getting infected (just in case), COVID is a pandemic last when we heard of it.
Dr P.K. Gupta: Vaccination prevents severe COVID-19 infection and death. Vaccination of a large cohort of the population is important if we want to save humanity from the ill effects of the current pandemic. EVERYONE SHOULD GET VACCINATED AND ENCOURAGE OTHERS.
Dr Ramesh Jain: To improve your chances to protect yourself and also the other people in the community you live in, from the “Corona” infections, which may infect you and others in future.
Dr Anil Bansal: COVID 19 is a new virus and a lot of research is going on about this virus and its effect on the person. It is highly contagious and spreads from person to person very fast. Recently millions of people have lost their lives throughout the whole world due to this infection and millions of people had serious side effects on their pre-existing disease like Diabetes, Hypertension, Heart ailments, etc. These days this virus has involved the whole world and has been labelled as a pandemic. Vaccination is a process by putting a very small amount of live or dead virus in the person body which develops antibodies in the recipient person and protects these people from COVID infection or its severity. We know that we are polio-free because of the proper vaccination of the whole population. Even after birth, we are giving a vaccine to children for DPT, MMR, TB, Hepatitis etc. to protect them from these various diseases. Hence it is strongly recommended that every person should get the vaccination done if it is not contraindicated.
Dr Ravita Khurana: Once you have taken both the doses at an
interval of 30-84 days as per your country norm, the immunity is expected to
last at least until next 6 months by then it’s expected that the pandemic Woolf
is under control.
Dr P.K. Gupta: Experts are working to learn more about natural immunity and vaccine-induced immunity.
Dr Ramesh Jain: It can be replied for sure as yet, but it is expected to save you for around one year.
Dr Anil Bansal: This is also under study as this is a very new virus. But from the previous different viruses behavior with the vaccine, it is supposed to work for one season.
Dr Ravita Khurana: The usual side effects just like any other vaccination for any communicable disease. Usually being fever, body ache, some local reaction or tummy ache or Bowel disturbance. Which is expected to be lesser after the second dose.
Dr P.K. Gupta: Most common side effects pain, swelling arm, fever, chills, tiredness and headache.
Dr Ramesh Jain: Yes, from more commonly seen and are mild like malaise, body aches and fever, to more severe like anaphylaxis and neurological symptoms.
Dr Anil Bansal: Yes it is a very important issue. There had been reported some reactions with this vaccine mostly mild only in a very small population. These type of reactions occur with any other medicines or vaccine or food items etc. This is the reason that this vaccine is being given only in those centers which can handle any type of reaction and people are being asked to wait for sometimes after vaccination.
4. What should I do if I face health issues after vaccination?
Dr Ravita Khurana: You can simply take symptomatic treatment for minor effects post vaccination but for anything major or alarming you need to rush to the nearby hospital.
Dr P.K. Gupta: You can contact National TOLL-FREE No. 1075 or State TOLL-FREE No. 104.
Dr Ramesh Jain: You need to
report and contact the “nodal officer” posted at the vaccination center. You
can directly visit the ER (emergency room) if these are more serious. For
Malaria and fever: Paracetamol tablet can help. (Only to be taken after
consulting the staff nurse or the doctor)
Dr Anil Bansal: If one has some reactions like rashes, breathing problem etc. one should immediately inform the health worker of the center so that immediate management is done. If there are serious reaction like anaphylactic one may have to be admitted for further management.
5. Will I not get COVID-19 after the vaccine?
Dr Ravita Khurana: Ideally you shouldn’t but in case you already been infected and are in incubation // latent period then COVID symptoms will surface just like any normal // unvaccinated person.
Dr P.K. Gupta: Nasal vaccines might be able to prevent even asymptomatic COVID-19 because it generates, local 1g A antibodies cutting the chain of transmission and bringing an end to this pandemic.
Dr Ramesh Jain: Yes you can contract “COVID” infection even after you receive the vaccination. Vaccination protects around 65-90% of individuals.
Dr Anil Bansal: There is no guarantee that a person will not get COVID-19 infection after vaccine but it has been seen that the severity of the disease becomes very low. Even the vaccinated person will not spread the infection and after some time we will be able to break the chain of the covin19 and the population at large will be benefitted.
6. Can I stop using Mask and sanitisers after I get vaccinated?
Dr Ravita Khurana: It’s not the current recommendation to stop using precaution post-vaccination. Social precautions are always recommended
Dr P.K. Gupta: Mask and sanitizers are a must after 2 doses of vaccination. We are waiting for the data.
Dr Ramesh Jain: No, you can’t stop using mask or sanitizers, as the reason is explained under point number 5.
Dr Anil Bansal: No. We have to continuously use mask and sanitizers, social distancing protocol as we were using before vaccination. As I have said earlier this is a new virus and a lot of studies is going on about this virus. New mutation can happen which can be even more dangerous. Hence we should make our habit to continue these protocols till the time world is free of this notorious virus. It has been seen recently that few people had COVID infection despite vaccination. So we should be vigilant in future as well.
7. I have diabetes and hypertension will taking a vaccine increase my health issues?
Dr Ravita Khurana: Co-morbidities are a risk factor if you are not vaccinated but taking a vaccine one can feel slightly more physical symptoms depending on your control of the chronic condition
Dr P.K. Gupta: People with Diabetes should go for vaccination after taking food or breakfast.
Dr Ramesh Jain: No, it will protect your health. You need this vaccine more than the non-diabetic and normotensive individuals of your age.
Dr Anil Bansal: Mostly vaccine does not increase health issues but one has to be careful and continue ones regular treatment for the pre-existing disease. I am 66 yrs. old suffering from diabetes for more than 30 yrs., Parkinson, IBS, Hypertension etc. I got my first dose on 5th February and the next dose is due on 5th March. I did not have any side effect and I am continuously taking my regular treatment for these ailments along with regular exercise.
8. I am 75+ years old should I get vaccinated as well?
Dr Ravita Khurana: Getting a vaccine is safer and recommended for people above 60+ yrs.
Dr P.K. Gupta: Older people should be encouraged to take a risk of COVID mortality is high among them.
Dr Ramesh Jain: Yes, you also need it more, than the younger people.
Dr Anil Bansal: If your health is fine or there is no contraindication then you should not hesitate and take the vaccination.
9. My father is bedridden doesn’t go out should he also get vaccinated?
Dr Ravita Khurana: Yes, he should get vaccinated, he may not go out but others around him can be silent carriers. Besides what’s the harm of being vaccinated.
Dr P.K. Gupta: Yes, because the risk of COVID mortality is high among older people due to poor immune response.
Dr Ramesh Jain: Yes, he needs the vaccine more than the mobile people.
Dr Anil Bansal: Your father is bedridden, this means he is suffering from serious illness and not a healthy person. In this case, you should consult the treating physician for the final decision.
10. Is there any precaution and food restrictions after vaccination?
Dr Ravita Khurana: there is NO major dos and don’ts post-vaccination if your tummy isn’t upset. A light diet can just keep you comfortable for the next few hours/couple of days. Some manufacturers recommend restraining use of Alcohol intake
Dr P.K. Gupta: NO.
Dr Ramesh Jain: No, you do not need to restrict any food after vaccination.
Dr Anil Bansal: In my opinion, there is no food restriction after vaccination, but one should take proper hygienic protocol like no handshaking, proper use of sanitization, use of mask, avoid big gatherings political, religious, overcrowded markets /mall etc. Continue your daily life with these precautions.
11. Which vaccine is good?
Dr Ravita Khurana: As per the current data available Covaxin is preferred over Covishield which are the two vaccines available in India currently. Other than these Pfizer vaccine is ~90% and Modena ~ 85% efficient as per the varying data available.
Dr P.K. Gupta: All approved vaccine including Pfizer, Moderna, Covishield and Covaxin have 100% efficacy in preventing death due to COVID very high efficacy against COVID also, high to moderate efficacy against symptomatic COVID.
Dr Ramesh Jain: Each vaccine has good and not so good features, overall all are good and provide adequate protection. It’s important to get vaccination; make or company isn’t as important as of now.
Dr Anil Bansal: Both the vaccines are good. Whichever is available one should take it.
12. I suffered from the Corona infection, should I still take the vaccine?
Dr Ravita Khurana: Yes, it’s recommended to take vaccination despite having been infected earlier.
Dr P.K. Gupta: Yes, six weeks after recovery. Data is emerging that they might be just one shot of vaccine as robust neutralizing antibody titres and strong T- Cell response has been found in them after a single dose.
Dr Ramesh Jain: Yes, irrespective of the previous “corona” infection, you should take the vaccination.
Dr Anil Bansal: Yes one should take the vaccine even if one had COVID. I got COVID positive on November 20 and was normal after 15 days and I took the COVID vaccine first dose on 5th Feb. My number of friends have taken vaccine shot even after recovery from COVID. In my opinion, there is no harm if one’s health does not prohibit it.
13. I got an infection after the first dose, should I take the second dose?
Dr Ravita Khurana: Yes, Though there are no strict guidelines as regards this situation one should contact the doctor in charge at the local facility. Most important is the timing of getting infected and the timing for the second dose will be decided by the local doctor in charge
Dr P.K. Gupta: Yes, take the second dose after 8 weeks of recovery.
Dr Ramesh Jain: Yes, you
need to go for the second dose of the vaccine, you can confirm the gap between
the recovery of your illness and the date of the second dose with your
physician/ nodal officer.
Dr Anil Bansal: In
this case, one should wait for full recovery from COVID infection. One person
has recovered from this disease and there is no contraindication one can go for
both doses of vaccine again.
DR Ravita Khurana
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Mata Channan Devi Hospital
Dr P.K Gupta
Dr Ramesh Jain
Vardhman Dialysis Center &
Saroj Hospital, Delhi
Dr Anil Bansal
Anti-Quackery Cell,Delhi Medical Council
Ethical Committee, Maharaja Agarsen Hospital